hypothesis testing

Neyman-Pearson and some other Uniformly Most Powerful Tests

Introduction Suppose data consisting of i.i.d. observations \(X^n=(X_1,X_2,\cdots,X_n)\) are available from a distribution \(F(x,\theta),\,\theta\in\Theta\subset\mathbf{R}.\) The exact value \(\theta\) corresponding to the distribution that generated the observations is unknown. The problem is, using the available data \(X^n,\) construct tests for making decisions on the possible value of unknown parameter \(\theta\).